Substance Abuse or simply, Drug Addiction requires a series of tests administered by specialists like a psychiatrist for proper diagnosis. A therapist, depending upon specialization, may be equipped to diagnose such issue, as well. Other tests like urine and blood tests are also performed, but this cannot be utilized to evaluate substance use addiction but rather, it is to track the recovery of a patient. When diagnosing a drug addict, doctors adhere to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5) as issued by the APA.
There is no actual cure for substance use disorder, but there are treatments and methods available lessen the drug use which can eventually lead to non-use. Treatments are different from a person to another depending on what drugs you are using and if there are other mental disorders related to your drug addiction. Following these steps routinely can help overcome drug addiction and long term use of this can prevent a relapse.
Substance Use Disorder Treatment Program
Treatment programs offer the following:
- One-on-one, or group talk therapy meetings
- Focusing on understanding what drug addiction is and how to overcome it and not have any relapse
- Various levels of treatment according to what you require, whether it be outpatient, inpatient or residential
Cleansing And Detox
The objective of cleansing or detoxification (detox) is similar to withdrawal remedy – to eliminate the drugs in the body quickly and safely. It is difficult for some patients to detox quickly, and withdrawal is not an easy thing to experience. Some people might be required to undergo treatments as residential or inpatients due to the difficulty of detoxification. Other therapies slowly reduce the intake of drugs until they aren’t needed. Detoxification varies from one person to another.
Opioid drugs just like any other drug are hazardous if taken too much. When an individual undergoes an opioid overdose, naloxone is administered as an emergency treatment. In some states, any person can administer naloxone.
Naloxone is available for public consumption for some years now. Narcan, a naloxone nasal spray and Evzio, a naloxone injection device, are accessible but it’s not cheap at all.
Evzio, a small injection tool, is filled with naloxone. It comes equipped with voice instructions for the person, and the needle can be automatically injected through the thighs and deliver the drug. After use, seek medical for safety purposes.
Behavior therapy is a method of psychotherapy that is performed by a trained specialist in counseling and treatment, or even a drug and alcohol counselor as part of drug addiction treatment. This treatment is for individuals, groups or a family. Therapists or counselors can:
- Help a person manage his drug addiction
- Recommend approaches to overcome drug addiction and avoid relapse
- Offer ways that can help if a relapse will happen
- Talk about problems with family, friends, or work that can be the cause of the addiction
- Invite family members to sessions to help with communication skills within the family and be sympathetic to a family member going through drug addiction
- Can assess and treat other mental health disorders with the substance use problem
Self-help groups are for those going through common problems such as drug addiction. It can be a support system for some because the members of the group are going through the same difficulties are looking for support and understanding.
A certified and trained therapist will direct you to a self-help group.
Coping And Support
When going through a challenging phase of recovery, we all need a coping mechanism and support system. Therapists and counselors will work with you to find the best coping mechanism and the best support system to help you get better. These steps will help you:
- Seek the assistance of a licensed mental health professional. Drug addiction can be one of the many causes of an unknown mental disorder. Talking to a psychiatrist or counselor could help you realize and see the underlying problems of your addiction.
- Deal with your other problems. People who have underlying mental health issues are more prone to drug addiction. If there are symptoms of mental disorders that you are aware of, seek a medical professional to help you with your signs so you can prevent psychological issues and drug addiction.
- Find self-help groups for support. People who are having problems and are going through drug addiction don’t need to be alone. Finding a support group can help out a lot, and the people around you can inspire you and find the support that you need to overcome drug addiction.
Do not be afraid to admit to yourself and to seek help. Taking care of yourself and getting better is your number one priority. There are plenty of clinics and support groups that will welcome you, you have to be healthy and believe you will get through this.